Systematic Phonics Programme.
From a very early stage, children develop awareness of different sounds in spoken language.
They develop understanding that spoken words are made up of different sounds (phonemes) and they learn to match these phonemes to letters (graphemes). Phonics is about children knowing how letters link to sounds (graphemes to phonemes), for example, c as in 'cat', ll as in 'fell', ee as in 'sheep'.
Children us this phonic knowledge when they are reading and writing. This approach has been shown to provide a quick and efficient way for most young children to learn to read words on the page, fluently and accurately. We want children to develop this skill so that it becomes automatic. This also greatly helps them with their spelling.
At Egerton we use a systematic phonic programme called 'Letters and Sounds' (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/letters-and-sounds). Letters and Sounds is divided into six phases, with each phases building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning. There are no big leaps in learning. Children have also taught to read and spell 'tricky words', which are words with spellings that are unusual or that children have not yet been taught.